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P. Muggli

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21 papers
title: Beyond Injection: Trojan Horse Underdense Photocathode Plasma Wakefield Acceleration
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2012 15th
year: 2012
18 authors: B. Hidding | J.B. Rosenzweig | Y.Xi | B. O'Shea | G. Andonian | D. Schiller | S. Barber | O. Williams | G. Pretzler | T. Königstein | F. Kleeschulte | M.J. Hogan | M. Litos | S. Corde | W.W. White | P. Muggli | D.L. Bruhwiler | K. Lotov
abstract: An overview on the underlying principles of the hybrid plasma wakefield acceleration scheme dubbed ”Trojan Horse” acceleration is given. The concept is based on laser-controlled release of electrons directly into a particle-beam- driven plasma blowout, paving the way for controlled, shapeable electron bunches with ultralow emittance and ultrahigh brightness. Combining the virtues of a low-ionization-threshold underdense photocathode with the GV/m-scale electric fields of a practically dephasing-free beam-driven plasma blowout, this constitutes a 4th generation electron acceleration scheme. It is applicable as a beam brightness transformer for electron bunches from LWFA and PWFA systems alike. At FACET, the proof-of-concept experiment ”E-210: Trojan Horse Plasma Wakefield Acceleration” has recently been approved and is in preparation. At the same time, various LWFA facilities are currently considered to host experiments aiming at stabilizing and boosting the electron bunch output quality via a trojan horse afterburner stage. Since normalized emittance and brightness can be improved by many orders of magnitude, the scheme is an ideal candidate for light sources such as free-electron-lasers and those based on Thomson scattering and betatron radiation alike.
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title: Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides
format: journal article
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year: 2011
12 authors: G. Andonian | O. Williams | X. Wei | P. Niknejadi | E. Hemsing | J. B. Rosenzweig | P. Muggli | M. Babzien | M. Fedurin | K. Kusche | R. Malone | V. Yakimenko
abstract: We report the observation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in the terahertz regime emitted by a relativistic electron pulse train passing through a dielectric lined cylindrical waveguide. We describe the beam manipulations and measurements involved in repetitive pulse train creation including comb collimation and nonlinear optics corrections. With this technique, modes beyond the fundamental are selectively excited by use of the appropriate frequency train. The spectral characterization of the structure shows preferential excitation of the fundamental and of a higher longitudinal mode.
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title: Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: 15 June 2012
13 authors: G. Andonian | D. Stratakis | M. Babzien | S. Barber | M. Fedurin | E. Hemsing | K. Kusche | P. Muggli | B. O'Shea | X. Wei | O. Williams | V. Yakimenko | and J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: We report first evidence of wakefield acceleration of a relativistic electron beam in a dielectric-lined slab-symmetric structure. The high energy tail of a ?60??MeV electron beam was accelerated by ?150??keV in a 2 cm-long, slab-symmetric SiO2 waveguide, with the acceleration or deceleration clearly visible due to the use of a beam with a bifurcated longitudinal distribution that serves to approximate a driver-witness beam pair. This split-bunch distribution is verified by longitudinal reconstruction analysis of the emitted coherent transition radiation. The dielectric waveguide structure is further characterized by spectral analysis of the emitted coherent Cherenkov radiation at THz frequencies, from a single electron bunch, and from a relativistic bunch train with spacing selectively tuned to the second longitudinal mode (TM02). Start-to-end simulation results reproduce aspects of the electron beam bifurcation dynamics, emitted THz radiation properties, and the observation of acceleration in the dielectric-lined, slab-symmetric waveguide.
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title: Breaking the Attosecond, Angstrom and TV/m Field Barriers with Ultrafast Electron Beams
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2010 14th
year: 2010
17 authors: J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Andonian | P. Bucksbaum | A. Fukasawa | M. Ferrario | M. Hogan | E. Hemsing | P. Krejcik | G. Marcus | A. Marinelli | P. Muggli | P. Musumeci | B. O'Shea | F. O'Shea | C. Pellegrini | D. Schiller | G. Travish
abstract: Recent initiatives at UCLA concerning ultra-short, GeV electron beam generation have been aimed at achieving sub-fs pulses capable of driving X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) in single-spike mode. This scheme uses very low charge beams, which may allow existing FEL injectors to produce few-100 attosecond pulses, with very high brightness. Towards this end, recent experiments at the Stanford X-ray FEL (LCLS, first of its kind, built with essential UCLA leadership) have produced ~2 fs, 20 pC electron pulses. We discuss here extensions of this work, in which we seek to exploit the beam brightness in FELs, in tandem with new developments at UCLA in cryogenic undulator technology, to create compact accelerator/undulator systems that can lase below 0.15 Å, or be used to permit 1.5 Å operation at 4.5 GeV. In addition, we are now developing experiments which use the present LCLS fs pulses to excite plasma wakefields exceeding 1 TV/m, permitting a table-top TeV accelerator for frontier high energy physics applications. We discuss the experimental issues associated with this initiative.
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title: Breakdown Limits on Gigavolt-per-Meter Electron-Beam-Driven Wakefields in Dielectric Structures
format: journal article
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year: May 27, 2008
15 authors: M.C. Thompson | H. Badakov | A.M. Cook | J.B. Rosenzweig | R. Tikhoplav | G. Travish | I. Blumenfeld | M.J. Hogan | R. Ischebeck | N. Kirby | R. Siemann | D. Walz | P. Muggli | A. Scott | R.B. Yoder
abstract: First measurements of the breakdown threshold in a dielectric subjected to GV=m wakefields produced by short (30 330 fs), 28.5 GeV electron bunches have been made. Fused silica tubes of 100
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title: Observation of Multi-GeV Breakdown Thresholds in Dielectric Wakefield Structures
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
12 authors: M.C. Thompson | H. Badakov | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | M. Hogan | R. Ischebeck | N. Kirby | R. Siemann | D. Walz | P. Muggli | A. Scott | R. Yoder
abstract: An experiment designed to test the breakdown threshold of a dielectric subjected to the GV/m-scale electric-fields of an intense electron-beam has been completed. In this experiment at the Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB) facility, the 30 GeV SLAC electron beam was focused down and propagated through short fused-silica capillary-tubes with internal diameters of as little as 100 ?m. The electric field at the inner surface of the tubes was varied from about 1 GV/m to 22 GV/m by adjusting the longitudinal compres- sion of the electron bunch. We observed a sharp increase in optical emissions from the capillaries in the middle part of this surface field range which we believe indicates the transition between sustainable field levels and breakdown. If this initial interpretation is correct, the multi-GV/m sur- faced fields that were sustained equate to on axis accelerat- ing field of several GV/m.
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title: Observation of Multi-GeV Breakdown Thresholds in Dielectric Wakefield Structures
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
12 authors: M.C. Thompson | H. Badakov | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | M.J. Hogan | R. Ischebeck | N. Kirby | R. Siemann | D. Walz | P. Muggli | A. Scott | R. Yoder
abstract: An experiment designed to test the breakdown threshold of a dielectric subjected to the GV/m-scale electric-fields of an intense electron-beam has been completed. In this experiment at the Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB) facility, the 28.5 GeV SLAC electron beam was focused down and propagated through short fused-silica capillary-tubes with internal diameters of as little as 100 ?m. The electric field at the inner surface of the tubes was varied from about 1 GV/m to 22 GV/m by adjusting the longitudinal compres- sion of the electron bunch. We observed a sharp increase in optical emissions from the capillaries in the middle part of this surface field range which we believe indicates the transition between sustainable field levels and breakdown. If this initial interpretation is correct, the multi-GV/m sur- faced fields that were sustained equate to on axis accelerat- ing field of several GV/m.
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title: Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator Experiments at the Saber Facility
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
17 authors: G. Travish | H. Badakov | A.M. Cook | J.B. Rosenzweig | R. Tikhoplav | A. Kanareykin | M.C. Thompson | M.K. Berry | I. Blumenfeld | F.J. Decker | M.J. Hogan | R. Ischebeck | R. Iverson | N. Kirby | R. Siemann | D. Walz | P. Muggli
abstract: Electron bunches with the unparalleled combination of high charge, low emittances, and short time duration, as first produced at the SLAC Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB), are foreseen to be produced at the SABER facility. These types of bunches have enabled wakefield driven accelerating schemes of multi-GV/m in plasmas. In the context of the Dielectric Wakefield Accelerators (DWA) such beams, having rms bunch length as short as 20 um, have been used to drive 100 um and 200 um ID hollow tubes above 20 GV/m surface fields. These FFTB tests enabled the measurement of a breakdown threshold in fused silica (with full data analysis still ongoing) [1]. With the construction and commissioning of the SABER facility at SLAC, new experiments would be made possible to test further aspects of DWAs including materials, tube geometrical variations, direct measurements of the Cerenkov fields, and proof of acceleration in tubes >10 cm in length. This collaboration will investigate breakdown thresholds and accelerating fields in new materials including CVD diamond. Here we describe the experimental plans, beam parameters, simulations, and progress to date as well as future prospects for machines based of DWA structures.
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title: DIELECTRIC WAKEFIELD ACCELERATOR EXPERIMENTS AT THE SABER FACILITY
format: preprint
year: 2007
17 authors: G. Travish | H. Badakov | A.M. Cook | J.B. Rosenzweig | R. Tikhoplav | A. Kanareykin | M.C. Thompson | M. K. Berry | I. Blumenfeld | F.J. Decker | M. Hogan | R. Ischebeck | R. Iverson | N. Kirby | R. Siemann | D. Walz | P. Muggli
abstract: Electron bunches with the unparalleled combination of high charge, low emittances, and short time duration, as first produced at the SLAC Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB), are foreseen to be produced at the SABER facility. These types of bunches have enabled wakefield driven accelerating schemes of multi-GV/m in plasmas. In the context of the Dielectric Wakefield Accelerators (DWA) such beams, having rms bunch length as short as 20 um, have been used to drive 100 um and 200 um ID hollow tubes above 20 GV/m surface fields. These FFTB tests enabled the measurement of a breakdown threshold in fused silica (with full data analysis still ongoing) [1]. With the construction and commissioning of the SABER facility at SLAC, new experiments would be made possible to test further aspects of DWAs including materials, tube geometrical variations, direct measurements of the Cerenkov fields, and proof of acceleration in tubes >10 cm in length. This collaboration will investigate breakdown thresholds and accelerating fields in new materials including CVD diamond. Here we describe the experimental plans, beam parameters, simulations, and progress to date as well as future prospects for machines based of DWA structures.
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title: DIELECTRIC WAKEFIELD ACCELERATOR EXPERIMENTS AT THE SABER FACILITY
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
17 authors: G. Travish | H. Badakov | A.M. Cook | J.B. Rosenzweig | R. Tikhoplav | A. Kanareykin | M.C. Thompson | M. K. Berry | I. Blumenfeld | F.-J. Decker | M. J. Hogan | R. Ischebeck | R. Iverson | N. Kirby | R. Siemann | D. Walz | P. Muggli
abstract: Electron bunches with the unparalleled combination of high charge, low emittances, and short time duration, as first produced at the SLAC Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB), are foreseen to be produced at the SABER facility. These types of bunches have enabled wakefield driven accelerating schemes of multi-GV/m in plasmas. In the context of the Dielectric Wakefield Accelerators (DWA) such beams, having rms bunch length as short as 20 um, have been used to drive 100 um and 200 um ID hollow tubes above 20 GV/m surface fields. These FFTB tests enabled the measurement of a breakdown threshold in fused silica (with full data analysis still ongoing) [1]. With the construction and commissioning of the SABER facility at SLAC, new experiments would be made possible to test further aspects of DWAs including materials, tube geometrical variations, direct measurements of the Cerenkov fields, and proof of acceleration in tubes >10 cm in length. This collaboration will investigate breakdown thresholds and accelerating fields in new materials including CVD diamond. Here we describe the experimental plans, beam parameters, simulations, and progress to date as well as future prospects for machines based of DWA structures.
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title: Ultra-high gradient dielectric wakefield accelerator experiments
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2006 12th
year: 2006
12 authors: M.C. Thompson | H. Badakov | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | M. Hogan | R. Ischebeck | N. Kirby | R. Siemann | D. Walz | P. Muggli | A. Scott | R. Yoder
abstract: Ultra-high gradient dielectric wakefield accelerators are a potential option for a linear collider afterburner since they are immune to the ion collapse and electron/positron asymmetry problems implicit in a plasma based afterburner. The first phase of an experiment to study the performance of dielectric Cerenkov wakefield accelerating structures at extremely high gradients in the GV/m range has been completed. The experiment took advantage of the unique SLAC FFTB electron beam and its ultra-short pulse lengths and high currents (e.g., ?z = 20 ?m at Q = 3 nC). The FFTB electron beam was successfully focused down and sent through short lengths of fused silica capillary tubing (ID = 200 ?m / OD = 325 ?m). The pulse length of the electron beam was varied to produce a range of electric fields between 2 and 20 GV/m at the inner surface of the dielectric tubes. We observed a sharp increase in optical emissions from the capillaries in the middle part of this surface field range which we believe indicates the transition between sustainable field levels and breakdown. If this initial interpretation is correct, the surfaced fields that were sustained equate to on axis accelerating field of several GV/m. In future experiments being developed for the SLAC SABER and BNL ATF we plan to use the coherent Cerenkov radiation emitted from the capillary tube as a field strength diagnostic and demonstrate GV/m range particle energy gain.
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title: PRELIMINARY RESULTS FROM THE UCLA/SLAC ULTRA-HIGH GRADIENT CERENKOV WAKEFIELD ACCELERATOR EXPERIMENT
format: conference proceeding
conference: Erice 2005
year: 2006
12 authors: M.C. Thompson | H. BADAKOV | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | M. Hogan | R. Ischebeck | N. Kirby | P. Muggli | A. Scott | R. Siemann | D. Walz | R. Yoder
abstract: The first phase of an experiment to study the performance of dielectric Cerenkov wakefield accelerating structures at extremely high gradients in the GV/m range has been completed. This experiment takes advantage of the unique SLAC FFTB electron beam and its demonstrated ultra-short pulse lengths and high currents (e.g., ?z = 20 ?m at Q = 3 nC). The FFTB electron beam has been successfully focused down and sent through varying lengths of fused silica capillary tubing with two different sizes: ID = 200 ?m / OD = 325 ?m and ID = 100 ?m / OD = 325 ?m. The pulse length of the electron beam was varied in the range 20 ?m < ?z < 100 ?m which produced a range of electric fields between 2 and 20 GV/m at the inner surface of the dielectric tubes. We observed a sharp increase in optical emissions from the capillaries in the middle part of this surface field range which we believe indicates the transition between sustainable field levels and breakdown. If this initial interpretation is correct, the surfaced fields that were sustained equate to on axis accelerating field of several GV/m. In future experiments we plan to collect and measure coherent Cerenkov radiation emitted from the capillary tube to gain more information about the strength of the accelerating fields.
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title: An Ultra-High Gradient Cerenkov Wakefield Acceleration Experiment at SLAC FFTB
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2004 11th
year: 2004
7 authors: J.B. Rosenzweig | S. Hoover | M. Hogan | P. Muggli | M.C. Thompson | G. Travish | R. B. Yoder
abstract: The creation of ultra-high current, ultra-short pulse beams (Q=3 nC, ) at the SLAC FFTB has opened the way for very high gradient plasma wakefield acceleration experiments. We study here the use of these beams in a proposed Cerenkov wakefield experiment, where one may excite electromagnetic wakes in a simple dielectric tube with inner diameter of few100 microns that exceed the GV/m level. We discuss the scaling of the fields with design geometric design parameters, and choice of dielectric. We also examine measurable aspects of the experiment, such as the total coherent Cerenkov radiation energy one may collect, and the expected aspects of dielectric breakdown at high fields.
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title: An Ultra-High Gradient Cerenkov Wakefield Acceleration Experiment at SLAC FFTB
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2004 11th
year: 2004
7 authors: J.B. Rosenzweig | S. Hoover | M. Hogan | P. Muggli | M.C. Thompson | G. Travish | R. Yoder
abstract: The creation of ultra-high current, ultra-short pulse beams (Q=3 nC, ?z= 20 ?m) at the SLAC FFTB has opened the way for very high gradient plasma wakefield acceleration experiments. We study here the use of these beams in a proposed Cerenkov wakefield experiment, where one may excite electromagnetic wakes in a simple dielectric tube with inner diameter of few 100 microns that exceed the GV/m level. We discuss the scaling of the fields with design geometric design parameters, and choice of dielectric. We also examine measurable aspects of the experiment, such as the total coherent Cerenkov radiation energy one may collect, and the expected aspects of dielectric breakdown at high fields.
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title: ORION: An Advanced Accelerator Facility at SLAC
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2001
year: 2001
13 authors: D. T. Palmer | E. Colby | M. Hogan | R. Noble | R. H. Siemann | Spencer, J. | D. Walz | C. Joshi | W. Mori | J.B. Rosenzweig | T. Katsouleas | P. Muggli | R. Byer
abstract: Extending the center-of-mass energy frontier for high-energy physics depends on the research and development that is conducted now in the area of advanced accelerator physics and technology. In this article, we present the design and beam dynamics simulations for the emittance-compensated, RF photoinjector of the ORION Facility. (4 References).
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title: Commissioning of the Neptune Photoinjector
format: conference proceeding
conference: APS April Meeting
year: 2000
13 authors: S. Anderson | J.B. Rosenzweig | Burke, A. | X. Ding | Loh, M. | P. Musumeci | C. Pellegrini | Suk, H. | M.C. Thompson | C. Clayton | C. Joshi | Marsh, K. | P. Muggli
abstract: The status of the commissioning of the rf photoinjector in the Neptune advanced accelerator laboratory is discussed. The component parts of the photoinjector, the rf gun, photocathode drive laser system, booster linac, rf system, chicane compressor, beam diagnostics systems, and control system are described. Recent improvements in the rf gun, rf timing, and chicane compressor systems are detailed. This injector is designed to produce short pulse length, high brightness electron beams. Experiments planned for the immediate future are described. Initial measurements of various beam parameters are presented.
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title: Plasma source test and simulation results for the underdense plasma lens experiment at the UCLA Neptune Laboratory
format: journal article
publisher: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
year: 2000
8 authors: H. Suk | C. E. Clayton | C. Joshi | T.C. Katsouleas | P. Muggli | R. Narang | C. Pellegrini | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: The planned plasma lens experiment at the UCLA Neptune Laboratory is described. In the experiment, electron beams with an energy of 16 MeV, a charge of 4 nC, and a pulse duration of 30 ps full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) are designed to be produced from the 1.625-cell photoinjector radio-frequency gun (f=2.856 GHz) and PWT linac in the Neptune. The generated beams are passed through a thin plasma with a density of low 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ range and a thickness of a few centimeters. For this experiment, a LaB/sub 6/-based discharge plasma source was developed and tested. In this paper, the overview of the planned plasma lens experiment and the test results of the plasma source for various conditions are presented. In addition, computer simulations with a 2-1/2 dimensional particle-in-cell code (MAGIC) were performed and the simulation results are shown. (19 References).
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title: Underdense plasma lens experiment at the UCLA Neptune Laboratory
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 1999
year: 1999
10 authors: Suk, H. | C. E. Clayton | G. Hairapetian | C. Joshi | Loh, M. | P. Muggli | R. Narang | C. Pellegrini | J.B. Rosenzweig | T.C. Katsouleas
abstract: An underdense plasma-lens experiment is planned at the UCLA Neptune Laboratory. For this experiment, a LaB/sub 6/-based discharge plasma source was developed and tested. Test results of the plasma source show that it can provide satisfactory Ar plasma parameters for underdense plasma lens experiments, i.e., a density in the low 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ range and a thickness of a few cm. In the plasma chamber a YAG slab and a Cherenkov radiator are placed for electron beam diagnostics so that both time-integrated and time-resolved information will be obtained and compared with the MAGIC code (2 and 1/2 dimensional particle-in-cell) simulations. In this paper, the planned experiment including test results of the plasma source, diagnostics and MAGIC simulation results is presented. (5 References).
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title: Commissioning of the Neptune photoinjector
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 1999
year: 1999
21 authors: S. Boucher | P. Musumeci | Loh, M. | Burke, A. | S. Anderson | J.B. Rosenzweig | K. Bishofberger | X. Ding | Holden, T. | A. Murokh | C. Pellegrini | Suk, H. | A. Tremaine | C. Clayton | C. Joshi | Marsh, K. | P. Muggli | M.C. Thompson | S. Anderson | R. Agustsson | R. J. England
abstract: The status of the commissioning of the RF photoinjector in the Neptune advanced accelerator laboratory is discussed. The component parts of the photoinjector, the RF gun, photocathode drive laser system, booster linac, RF system, chicane compressor, beam diagnostics systems, and control system are described. This injector is designed to produce short pulse length, high brightness electron beams. Experiments planned for the immediate future are described. Initial measurements of various beam parameters are presented. (10 References).
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title: Test results of the plasma source for underdense plasma lens experiments at the UCLA Neptune Lab
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 1998 8th
year: 1999
7 authors: Suk, H. | C. E. Clayton | R. Narang | P. Muggli | J.B. Rosenzweig | C. Pellegrini | C. Joshi
abstract: A plasma source was developed at UCLA for planned underdense plasma lens experiments, where the plasma density is less than the electron beam density. The argon plasma, produced by a discharge between a LaB_6 cathode at 1330 degrees C and a tantalum anode, is confined by a solenoidal magnetic field and flows transversely across the electron beam path. Extensive test of the plasma source is under way for various conditions before it is assembled with the UCLA photocathode-based electron linac. In particular, different longitudinal (with respect to the electron beam) plasma profiles and effective plasma lengths can be obtained by adjusting the moveable sliding door between the plasma source and the transverse beamline. Test results of the plasma source are presented. (11 References).
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title: The Neptune photoinjector
format: conference proceeding
conference: ICFA Second Generation Plasma Acceleration Workshop
year: 1998
12 authors: J.B. Rosenzweig | S. Anderson | K. Bishofberger | X. Ding | A. Murokh | C. Pellegrini | Suk, H. | A. Tremaine | C. Clayton | C. Joshi | Marsh, K. | P. Muggli
abstract: The RF photoinjector in the Neptune advanced accelerator laboratory, along with associated beam diagnostics, transport and phase-space manipulation techniques are described. This versatile injector has been designed to produce short-pulse electron beams for a variety of uses: ultra-short bunches for injection into a next-generation plasma beatwave acceleration experiment, space-charge dominated beam physics studies, plasma wake-field acceleration driver, plasma lensing, and free-electron laser microbunching techniques. The component parts of the photoinjector, the RF gun, photocathode drive laser systems, booster linac, RF system, chicane compressor, beam diagnostic systems, and control system, are discussed. The present status of photoinjector commissioning at Neptune is reviewed, and proposed experiments are detailed. (33 References).
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