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L. Palumbo

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27 papers
title: Experimental Demonstration of Emittance Compensation with Velocity Bunching
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: 5 February 2010
33 authors: M. Ferrario | D. Alesini | A. Bacci | M. Bellaveglia | R. Boni | M. Boscolo | M. Castellano | E. Chiadroni | A. Cianchi | L. Cultrera | G. Di Pirro | L. Ficcadenti | D. Filippetto | V. Fusco | A. Gallo | G. Gatti | L. Giannessi | M. Labat | B. Marchetti | C. Marrelli | M. Migliorati | A. Mostacci | E. Pace | L. Palumbo | M. Quattromini | C. Ronsivalle | A. R. Rossi | J. Rosenzweig | L. Serafini | M. Serluca | B. Spataro | C. Vaccarezza | C. Vicario
abstract: In this Letter we report the first experiments aimed at the simultaneous demonstration of the emittance compensation process and velocity bunching in a high brightness electron source, the SPARC photoinjector in INFN-LNF. While a maximum compression ratio up to a factor 14 has been observed, in a particular case of interest a compression factor of 3, yielding a slice current of 120 A with less than 2 m slice emittance, has been measured. This technique may be crucial in achieving high brightness beams in photoinjectors aiming at optimized performance of short wavelength single-pass free electron lasers or other advanced applications in laser-plasma accelerators.
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title: Single spike operation in SPARC SASE-FEL
format: conference proceeding
conference: EPAC 2008
year: 2008
16 authors: I. Boscolo | F. Castelli | S. Cialdi | V. Petrillo | A. Bacci | L. Serafini | R. Bonifacio | M. Boscolo | M. Ferrario | C. Vaccarezza | L. Giannessi | C. ROnsivalle | L. Palumbo | M. Serluca | J.B. Rosenzweig | S. Reiche
abstract: The single spike operation regime has been analyzed in the case of the SPARC injector and freeelectron-laser. Four different beams at 50 pC are studied, with different production condition and performance.
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title: Recent results and future perspectives of the SPARC project
format: conference proceeding
conference: EPAC 2008
year: 2008
77 authors: M. Ferrario | D. Alesini | M. Bellaveglia | R. Boni | M. Boscolo | M. Castellano | E. Chiadroni | A. Clozza | L. Cultrera | G. Di Pirro | A. Drago | A. Esposito | L. Ficcadenti | D. Filippetto | V. Fusco | A. Gallo | G. Gatti | A. Ghigo | B. Marchetti | Agostino Marinelli | C. Marrelli | M. Migliorati | A. Mostacci | E. Pace | L. Palumbo | L. Pellegrino | R. Ricci | U. Rotundo | C. Sanelli | F. Sgamma | B. Spataro | F. Tazzioli | S. Tomassini | C. Vaccarezza | M. Vescovi | C. Vicario | F. Ciocci | G. Dattoli | A. Dipace | a. Doria | G. P. Gallerano | L. Giannessi | E. Giovenale | G. Orlandi | S. Pagnutti | A. Petraia | M. Quattromini | C. Ronsivalle | E. Sabia | I. Spassovsky | V. Surrenti | L. Catani | A. Cianchi | M. Mattioli | M. Petrarca | M. Serluca | A. Bacci | I. Boscolo | F.Broggi | F. Castelli | S. Cialdi | C. De Martinis | D. Giove | C. Maroli | V. Petrillo | A.R. Rossi | L. Serafini | J.B. Rosenzweig | M. E. Couprie | M. Bougeard | B. Carré | D. Garzella | M. Labat | G. Lambert | H. Merdji | P. Salières | O. Tchebakoff
abstract: The SPARC project foresees the realization of a high brightness photo-injector to produce a 150-200 MeV electron beam to drive 500 nm FEL experiments in various configurations, a Thomson backscattering source and a plasma accelerator experiment (these last two ones jointly with the project PLASMONX). The SPARC photoinjector is also the test facility for the recently approved VUV FEL project named SPARX. As a first stage of the commissioning, a complete characterization of the photoinjector has been accomplished with a detailed study of the emittance compensation process downstream the gun-solenoid system: this lead to the first direct experimental demonstration of emittance oscillations in a drift. The second stage of the commissioning, that is currently underway, foresees a detailed analysis of the beam matching with the linac in order to confirm the theoretically prediction of emittance compensation based on the invariant envelope matching and the demonstration of the velocity bunching technique in the linac. SASE and SEEDING experiments are foreseen by the end of the current year. In this paper we report the experimental results obtained so far and the scientific program for the near future.
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title: High brightness electron beam emittance evolution measurements in an rf photoinjector
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Special Topics- Accelerators and Beams
year: 2008
48 authors: A. Cianchi | D. Alesini | A. Bacci | M. Bellaveglia | R. Boni | M. Boscolo | M. Castellano | L. Catani | E. Chiadroni | S. Cialdi | A. Clozzo | L. Cultrera | G. Di Pirro | A. Drago | A. Esposito | M. Ferrario | L. Ficcadenti | D. Filippetto | V. Fusco | A. Gallo | G. Gatti | A. Ghigo | L. Giannessi | C. Ligi | M. Mattioli | M. Migliorati | A. Mostacci | P. Musumeci | E. Pace | L. Palumbo | L. Pellegrino | M. Petrarca | M. Preger | M. Quattromini | R. Ricci | C. Ronsivalle | J.B. Rosenzweig | A.R. Rossi | C. Sanelli | L. Serafini | M. Serio | F. Sgamma | B. Spataro | F. Tazzioli | S. Tomassini | C. Vaccarezza | M. Vescovi | and C. Vicario
abstract: The new generation of linac injectors driving free electron lasers in the self-amplified stimulated emission (SASE-FEL) regime requires high brightness electron beams to generate radiation in the wavelength range from UV to x rays. The choice of the injector working point and its matching to the linac structure are the key factors to meet this requirement. An emittance compensation scheme presently applied in several photoinjectors worldwide is known as the ��Ferrario�� working point. In spite of its great importance there was, so far, no direct measurement of the beam parameters, such as emittance, transverse envelope, and energy spread, in the region downstream the rf gun and the solenoid of a photoinjector to validate the effectiveness of this approach. In order to fully characterize the beam dynamics with this scheme, an innovative beam diagnostic device, the emittance meter, consisting of a movable emittance measurement system, has been designed and built. With the emittance meter, measurements of the main beam parameters in both transverse phase spaces can be performed in a wide range of positions downstream the photoinjector. These measurements help in tuning the injector to optimize the working point and provide an important benchmark for the validation of simulation codes. We report the results of these measurements in the SPARC photoinjector and, in particular, the first experimental evidence of the double minimum in the emittance oscillation, which provides the optimized matching to the SPARC linac.
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title: Direct Measurement of the Double Emittance Minimum in the Beam Dynamics of the Sparc High-Brightness Photoinjector
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: 6 December 2007
47 authors: M. Ferrario | D. Alesini | A. Bacci | M. Bellaveglia | R. Boni | M. Boscolo | M. Castellano | L. Catani | E. Chiadroni | S. Cialdi | A. Cianchi | A. Clozza | L. Cultrera | G. Di Pirro | A. Drago | A. Esposito | L. Ficcadenti | D. Filippetto | V. Fusco | A. Gallo | G. Gatti | A. Ghigo | L. Giannessi | C. Ligi | M. Mattioli | M. Migliorati | A. Mostacci | P. Musumeci | E. Pace | L. Palumbo | L. Pellegrino | M. Petrarca | M. Quattromini | R. Ricci | C. Ronsivalle | J.B. Rosenzweig | A.R. Rossi | C. Sanelli | L. Serafini | M. Serio | F. Sgamma | B. Spataro | F. Tazzioli | S. Tomassini | C. Vaccarezza | M. Vescovi | C. Vicario
abstract: In this Letter we report the first experimental observation of the double emittance minimum effect in the beam dynamics of high-brightness electron beam generation by photoinjectors; this effect, as predicted by the theory, is crucial in achieving minimum emittance in photoinjectors aiming at producing electron beams for short wavelength single-pass free electron lasers. The experiment described in this Letter was performed at the SPARC photoinjector site, during the first stage of commissioning of the SPARC project. The experiment was made possible by a newly conceived device, called an emittance meter, which allows a detailed and unprecedented study of the emittance compensation process as the beam propagates along the beam pipe.
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title: RF Measurements results of the final brazed SPARC RF Deflector
format: journal article
publisher:
year: 2007
7 authors: L. Ficcadenti | L. Palumbo | A. Mostacci | D. Alesini | C. Vaccarezza | G. Di Pirro | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: The longitudinal phase space and the horizontal beam slice emittance measurements of the SPARC 150MeV-lnC electron beam, foresee the use of a RF deflector. he device is a five cells standing wave structure operating on the TM110-like dipole mode at 2.856Ghz and allows reaching a longitudinal resolution of ~12um with 2MW of peak input power. In the paper we illustrate the RF measurements results on the final brazed copper device.
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title: Status of the SPARC-X Project
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
97 authors: C. Vaccarezza | D. Alesini | M. Bellaveglia | S. Bertolucci | R. Boni | M. Boscolo | M. Castellano | A. Clozza | L. Cultrera | G. Di Pirro | A. Drago | A. Esposito | M. Ferrario | L. Ficcadenti | D. Filippetto | V. Fusco | A. Gallo | G. Gatti | A. Ghigo | C. Ligi | Agostino Marinelli | M. Migliorati | A. Mostacci | E. Pace | L. Palumbo | L. Pellegrino | M. Preger | R. Ricci | C. Sanelli | M. Serio | F. Sgamma | B. Spataro | A. Stella | F. Tazzioli | M. Vescovi | C. Vicario | F. Ciocci | G. Dattoli | A. Dipace | A. Doria | F. Flora | G.P. Gallerano | L. Giannessi | E. Giovenale | G. Messina | P.L. Ottaviani | S. Pagnutti | G. Parisi | L. Picardi | M. Quattromini | A. Renieri | G. Ronci | C. Ronsivalle | M. Rosetti | E. Sabia | M. Sassi | A. Torre | A. Zucchini | M. Mattioli | D. Pelliccia | L. Catani | E. Chiadroni | A. Cianchi | E. Gabrielli | C. Schaerf | P. Musumeci | M. Petrarca | F. Alessandria | A. Bacci | R. Bonifacio | I. Boscolo | F. Broggi | C. De Martinis | F. Castelli | S. Cialdi | D. Giove | A. Flacco | C. Maroli | V. Petrillo | A.R. Rossi | L. Serafini | A. Perrone | M. Labat | O. Tcherbakoff | G. Lambert | D. Garzella | M. Bougeard | P. Breger | P. Monchicourt | H. Merdji | P. Salie?res | B. Carre? | M. E. Couprie | P. Emma | C. Pellegrini | S. Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: SPARC-X is a two branch project consisting in the SPARC test facility dedicated to the development and test of critical subsystems such as high brightness photoinjector and a modular expandable undulator for SASE-FEL experiments at 500 nm with seeding, and the SPARX facility aiming at generation of high brilliance coherent radiation in the 1.5-13 nm range, based on the achieved expertise. The projects are supported by MIUR (Research Department of Italian Government) and Regione Lazio. SPARC has completed the commissioning phase of the photoinjector in November 2006. The achieved experimental results are here summarized together with the status of the second phase commissioning plans. The SPARX project is based on the generation of ultra high peak brightness electron beams at the energy of 1 and 2 GeV generating radiation in the 1.5-13 nm range. The construction is at the moment planned in two steps starting with a 1 GeV Linac. The project layout including both RF-compression and magnetic chicane techniques has been studied.
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title: OPTIMUM ELECTRON BUNCH CREATION IN A PHOTOINJECTOR USING SPACE-CHARGE EXPANSION
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
16 authors: J.B. Rosenzweig | A.M. Cook | M. Dunning | R.J. England | P. Musumeci | M. Bellaveglia | M. Boscolo | L. Catani | A. Cianchi | G. Di Pirro | M. Ferrario | D. Filippetto | G. Gatti | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario | S. Jones
abstract: Recent studies have shown that by illuminating a pho- tocathode with an ultra-short laser pulse of appropriate transverse profile, a uniform density, ellipsoidally shaped electron bunch can be dynamically formed. Linear space- charge fields then exist in all dimensions inside of the bunch, which minimizes emittance growth. Here we study this process, and its marriage to the standard emittance compensation scenario that is implemented in most modern photoinjectors. We show that the two processes are com- patible, with simulations indicating that a very high bright- ness beam can be obtained. An initial time-resolved experi- ment has been performed at the SPARC injector in Frascati, involving Cerenkov radiation produced at an aerogel. We discuss the results of this preliminary experiment, as well as plans for future experiments at the UCLA Pegasus labo- ratory to resolve the ellipsoidal bunch shape at low energy. Future measurements at high energy based on fs resolution RF sweepers are discussed.
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title: Beam Dynamics in a Hybrid Standing Wave-Traveling Wave Photoinjector
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2006 12th
year: 2006
11 authors: J.B. Rosenzweig | D. Alesini | A. Boni | M. Ferrario | L. Ficcadenti | A. Fukusawa | A. Mostacci | B. O'Shea | L. Palumbo | B. Spataro | V. Fusco
abstract: We discuss the dynamics of of a photoinjector beam in a hybrid traveling wave-standing wave photoinjector. With the field profile deduced from electromagnetic simulations, it is seen that the acceleration program induces strong velocity bunching. The beam dynamics in this scenario are explored using UCLA PARMELA. With a solenoid field overlaid on the TW section one may control emittance oscillations during bunching and acceleration. It is seen that the S-band device currently under development at UCLA may produce a 1 nC, 21 MeV, 100 micron rms pulse length beam, with emittance of 3 mm-mrad. Applications of this beam for creating coherent radiation are discussed.
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title: Optimum Beam Creation In Photoinjectors Using Space-Charge Expansion
format: conference proceeding
conference: FEL 2006 28th
year: 2006
16 authors: J.B. Rosenzweig | A.M. Cook | M. Dunning | R. J. England | M. Bellaveglia | M. Boscolo | L. Catani | A. Cianchi | G. Di Pirro | M. Gerrario | D. Filippetto | G. Gatti | P. Musumeci | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario | S. Jones
abstract: It has recently been shown that by illuminating a photocathode with an ultra-short laser pulse of appropriate transverse profile, a uniform density, ellipsoidally shaped bunch is dynamically formed, which then has linear space-charge fields in all dimensions inside of the bunch. We study here this process, and its marriage to the standard emittance compensation scenario that is implemented in most modern photoinjectors. It is seen that the two processes are compatible, with simulations indicating that a very high brightness beam can be obtained. The scheme has produced stimulus for a series of experiments at the SPARC injector at Frascati in 2006-2007. An initial time-resolved experiment has been performed involving Cerenkov radiation produced at an aerogel. We discuss the results of this preliminary experiment, as well as plans for future experiments to resolve the ellipsoidal bunch shape at low energy. Future measurements at high energy based on fs resolution RF sweepers are discussed.
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title: Beam compression experiments using the UCLA/ATF compressor
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2006 12th
year: 2006
13 authors: D. Schiller | E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig | M.P. Dunning | G. Andonian | A. Murokh | A.M. Cook | Sven Reiche | M. Babzien | K. Kusche | V. Yakimenko | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario
abstract: We review recent experimental results from the BNL ATF using the compressor built by UCLA. The measurements discussed include: first observation of short wavelength coherent edge radiation angular/wavelength spectrum and spectrum, sub-100 fsec pulse-length coherent transition autocorrelation measurements, and longitudinal and transverse phase space distortions. Extension of these measurements, as well as those which can be made possible by a new X-band traveling wave deflector being developed in an industrial collaboration, are examined.
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title: Status of the SPARC Photoinjector
format: conference proceeding
conference: Linear Accelerator Conference 2006
year: 2006
69 authors: D. Alesini | M. Bellaveglia | S. Bertolucci | R. Boni | M. Boscolo | M. Castellano | A. Clozza | L. Cultrera | G. Di Pirro | A. Drago | A. Esposito | M. Ferrario | L. Ficcadenti | D. Filippetto | V. Fusco | G. Gatti | A. Gallo | A. Ghigo | M. Incurvati | C. Ligi | F. Marcellini | M. Migliorati | A. Mostacci | L. Palumbo | L. Pellegrino | M. Preger | R. Ricci | C. Sanelli | M. Serio | F. Sgamma | B. Spataro | A. Stecchi | A. Stella | F. Tazzioli | C. Vaccarezza | M. Vescovi | C. Vicario | F. Alessandria | A. Bacci | I. Boscolo | F. Broggi | S.Cialdi | C. DeMartinis | D. Giove | C. Maroli | M. Mauri | V. Petrillo | M. Rome | A. R. Rossi | L. Serafini | D. Levi | M. Mattioli | P. Musumeci | G. Medici | D. Pelliccia | M. Petrarca | L. Catani | E. Chiadroni | A. Cianchi | E. Gabrielli | S. Tazzari | A. Perrone | L. Giannessi | L. Picardi | M. Quattromini | C. Ronsivalle | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | S. Reiche
abstract: The SPARC Project is starting the commissioning of its photo-injector. RF gun, RF sources, RF network and control, power supplies, emittance meter, beam diagnostics and control to measure the RF gun beam have been installed. The photocathode drive laser has been characterized in terms of pulse shape and quality. We will report also about first tests made on RF gun and on the emittance meter device. Additional R&D on X-band and S-band structures for velocity bunching are in progress, as well as studies on new photocathode materials. We will also discuss studies on solenoid field defects, beam based alignments and exotic electron bunch production via blow-out of short laser pulses.
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title: STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF MULTIPOLAR COMPONENTS IN THE. SPARC EMITTANCE COMPENSATION GUN SOLENOID
format: conference proceeding
conference: EPAC 2006
year: 2006
11 authors: M. Ferrario | M. Migliorati | P. Musumeci | L. Palumbo | M. Preger | C. Sanelli | G. Dattoli | L. Picardi | M. Quattromini | C. Ronsivalle | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: The SPARC photoinjector rf gun requires a solenoid immediately downstream for emittance compensation. The analysis of the measured solenoid magnetic maps shows the existence of multipolar components added to the pure solenoid field. The effect of these added fields on beam dynamics and possible correction schemes have been studied from the theoretical point of view and by numerical calculations based on PARMELA/TREDI codes. An accurate 3D numerical modelization by using CST EM Studio has been done, in order to investigate the source of these multipolar components and to suggest some design modifications aimed to reduce their magnitude. The results of this study are presented here.
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title: Status of the SPARX FEL Project
format: conference proceeding
conference: EPAC 2006
year: 2006
67 authors: C.Vaccarezza | D.Alesini | M.Bellaveglia | S.Bertolucci | M.E Biagini | R.Boni | M.Boscolo | M.Castellano | A.Clozza | L.Cultrera | G.Di Pirro | A.Drago | A.Esposito | M.Ferrario | D.Filippetto | V.Fusco | A.Gallo | A.Ghigo | S.Guiducci | M.Migliorati | L.Palumbo | L.Pellegrino | M.Preger | C.Sanelli | M.Serio | F.Sgamma | B.Spataro | A.Stella | F.Tazzioli | M.Vescovi | C.Vicario | F. Ciocci | G.Dattoli | A.Doria | F.Flora | G.Gallerano | L.Giannessi | E.Giovenale | G.Messina | P.L. Ottaviani | G.Parisi | L.Picardi | M.Quattromini | A.Renieri | C. Ronsivalle | S.Cialdi | C.Maroli | V.Petrillo | M. Rome | L.Serafini | L.Catani | E.Chiadroni | A. Cianchi | C.Schaerf | P.Musumeci | F.Alessandria | A.Bacci | F.Broggi | C.De Martinis | D.Giove | M.Mauri | L. Ficcadenti | M.Mattioli | A.Mostacci | P.Emma | S.Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: The SPARX project consists in an X-ray-FEL facility jointly supported by MIUR (Research Department of Italian Government), Regione Lazio, CNR, ENEA, INFN and Rome University Tor Vergata. It is the natural extension of the ongoing activities of the SPARC collaboration. The aim is the generation of electron beams characterized by ultra-high peak brightness at the energy of 1 and 2 GeV, for the first and the second phase respectively. The beam is expected to drive a single pass FEL experiment in the range of 13.5�6 nm and 6�1.5 nm, at 1 GeV and 2 GeV respectively, both in SASE and SEEDED FEL configurations. A hybrid scheme of RF and magnetic compression will be adopted, based on the expertise achieved at the SPARC high brightness photoinjector presently under commissioning at Frascati INFN-LNF Laboratories [1,2]. The use of superconducting and exotic undulator sections will be also exploited. In this paper we report the progress of the collaboration together with start to end simulation results based on a combined scheme of RF compression techniques.
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title: The Design of a Hybrid Photoinjector for High Brightness Beam Applications
format: conference proceeding
conference: EPAC 2006
year: 2006
10 authors: D. Alesini | M. Ferrario | V. Fusco | B. Spataro | L. Ficcadenti | A. Mostacci | L. Palumbo | B. O'Shea | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish
abstract: In this paper, we illustrate the electromagnetic and beam dynamics design procedure of a new class of photoinjector, a hybrid standing/traveling wave structure. In this device a standing wave RF gun section is integrated with a downstream traveling wave structure through a coupling cell that feeds simultaneously the two sections. We discuss the advantages in RF and beam performance of the hybrid photoinjector compared to conventional systems. The electromagnetic design has been performed using the 3D electromagnetic code HFSS. Results of beam dynamics simulations in different operating conditions are also discussed.
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title: Observation of Coherent Edge Radiation Emitted by a 100 Femtosecond Compressed Electron Beam
format: conference proceeding
conference: ICFA Workshop on Physics and Applications of High Brightness Electron Beams
year: 2006
14 authors: G. Andonian | M. Dunning | E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig | A. M. Cook | A. Murokh | S. Reiche | M. Babzien | I. Ben-Zvi | K. Kusche | V. Yakimenko | D. Alesini | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario
abstract: A chicane compressor developed by UCLA for the production of ultra-short, 60 MeV electron beams at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Accelerator Test Facility has been commissioned, and initial beam physics experiments have been performed. These measurements have established the compression of electron beams to the 100 femtosecond (1 kA peak current) regime, via coherent transition radiation (CTR) based measurements. Investigations of coherent edge radiation (CER) include signatures that differentiate it from coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR), such as polarization and far-field angular distribution. Additionally, the radiation wavelength spectrum is determined from autocorrelation measurements. Radiation properties are compared to detailed start-to-end simulations derived from PARMELA and QUINDI (a Lienard-Wiechert code developed at UCLA). Plans for future experiments which further explore the observed wavelength spectra are presented.
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title: Simulations, Diagnostics and Recent Results of the VISA II Experiment
format: conference proceeding
conference: FEL 2005 27th
year: August 2005
17 authors: G. Andonian | A. Murokh | C. Pellegrini | Sven Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | M. Babzien | I. Ben-Zvi | V. Litvinenko | V. Yakimenko | I. Boscolo | S. Cialdi | A. Flacco | M. Ferrario | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario | J. Huang
abstract: The VISA II experiment entails the use of a chirped electron beam to drive a high gain SASE FEL. Sextupoles are implemented to correct the longitudinal aberrations affecting the high energy spread chirped beam during transport to the undulator. The output radiation is diagnosed with a modified frequency resolved optical gating (FROG) technique. The double differential energy spectrum is measured with a pair of slits and a set of gratings. In this paper, we report on start-to-end simulations, radiation diagnostics, as well as initial experimental results. Technical considerations for future experimental methods are also addressed.
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title: EXPERIMENTAL TESTING OF DYNAMICALLY OPTIMIZED PHOTOELECTRON BEAMS
format: conference proceeding
conference: Erice 2005
year: 2006
16 authors: J.B. Rosenzweig | A.M. Cook | M. Dunning | R. J. England | P. Musumeci | M. Bellaveglia | M. Boscolo | L. Catani | A. Cianchi | G. Di Pirro | M. Ferrario | D. Filipetto | G. Gatti | L. Palumbo | L. Serafini | C. Vicario
abstract: We discuss the design of and initial results from an experiment in space-charge dominated beam dynamics which explores a new regime of high-brightness electron beam generation at the SPARC (located at INFN-LNF, Frascati) photoinjector. The scheme under study employs the natural tendency in intense electron beams to configure themselves to produce a uniform density, giving a nearly ideal beam from the viewpoint of space charge-induced emittance. The experiments are aimed at testing the marriage of this idea with a related concept, emittance compensation, We show that the existing infrastructure at SPARC is nearly ideal for the proposed tests, and that this new regime of operating photoinjector may be the preferred method of obtaining highest brightness beams with lower energy spread. We discuss the design of the experiment, including developing of a novel time-dependent, aerogel-based imaging system. This system has been installed at SPARC, and first evidence for nearly uniformly filled ellipsoidal charge distributions recorded.
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title: Observation of Anomalously Large Spectral Bandwidth in a High-Gain Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission Free Elctron Laser
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: 2005
14 authors: G. Andonian | A. Murokh | J.B. Rosenzweig | R. Agustsson | M. BABZIEN | I. Ben-Zvi | P. Frigola | J.Y. Huang | L. Palumbo | C. Pellegrini | Sven Reiche | G. Travish | C. Vicario | V. Yakimenko
abstract: Observation of ultrawide bandwidth, up to 15% full-width, high-gain operation of a self-amplified spontaneous emission free-election laser (SASE FEL) is reported. This type of lasing is obtained with a strongly chirped beam (E=E  1:7%) emitted from the accelerator. Because of nonlinear pulse compression during transport, a short, high current bunch with strong mismatch errors is injected into the undulator, giving high FEL gain. Start-to-end simulations reproduce key features of the measurements and provide insight into mechanisms, such as angular spread in emitted photon and electron trajectory distributions, which yield novel features in the radiation spectrum.
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title: Observation of Anomalously Large Spectral Bandwidth in a High Gain Self-amplified Spontaneous Emission Free-Electron Laser
format: preprint
year: 2005
14 authors: G. Andonian | A. Murokh | J.B. Rosenzweig | R. Agustsson | M. Babzien | I. Ben-Zvi | Pedro Frigola | J. Huang | L. Palumbo | C. Pellegrini | Sven Reiche | G. Travish | C. Vicario | V. Yakimenko
abstract: Observation of ultra-wide bandwidth, up to a full width of 15%, high-gain operation of a self-amplified spontaneous emission free election laser (SASE FEL) is reported. This type of lasing is obtained with a strongly chirped beam (~ 1.7%) emitted from the accelerator. Because of non-linear pulse compression during beam transport, a short, high current pulse with strong mismatch errors is injected into the undulator, bringing about high FEL gain. Start-end simulations reproduce key features of the measured results, and provide insight into mechanisms, such as angular spread in both emitted photon and electron trajectory distributions, which yield novel features in the radiation spectrum.
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title: Recent Results from and Future Plans for the VISA II SASE FEL
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2005
year: 2005
19 authors: G. Andonian | R. Agustsson | P. Frigola | A. Murokh | C. Pellegrini | Sven Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | M. BABZIEN | I. Ben-Zvi | V. Litvinenko | V. Yakimenko | I. Boscolo | S. Cialdi | A. Flacco | M. Ferrario | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario | J. Huang
abstract: The VISA II (Visible to Infrared SASE Amplifier) project, a consequent experiment to the succesful VISA enterprise, entails the use of a chirped electron beam to drive a high gain SASE FEL. The resulting ultra-short pulses will be characterized using an advanced FROG (Frequency Resolved Optical Gating) technique, as well as a double differential spectrum (angle/wavelength) diagnostic. Implementation of sextupole corrections to the longitudinal aberrations affecting the high energy-spread chirped beam during transport to the VISA undulator is studied. Start-end simulations, including radiation diagnostics, are discussed. Initial experimental results involving a highly chirped beam transported without sextupole corrections, the resulting high gain lasing, and computational analysis are briefly reported.
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title: Recent Results from and Future Plans for the VISA II SASE FEL
format: preprint
year: 2005
19 authors: G. Andonian | R. Agustsson | Pedro Frigola | A. Murokh | C. Pellegrini | Sven Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | M. BABZIEN | I. Ben-Zvi | V. Litvinenko | V. Yakimenko | I. Boscolo | S. Cialdi | A. Flacco | M. Ferrario | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario | J. Huang
abstract: The VISA II (Visible to Infrared SASE Amplifier) project, a consequent experiment to the succesful VISA enterprise, entails the use of a chirped electron beam to drive a high gain SASE FEL. The resulting ultra-short pulses will be characterized using an advanced FROG (Frequency Resolved Optical Gating)technique, as well as a double differential spectrum (angle/wavelength) diagnostic. Implementation of sextupole corrections to the longitudinal aberrations affecting the high energy-spread chirped beam during transport to the VISA undulator is studied. Start-end simulations, including radiation diagnostics, are discussed. Initial experimental results involving a highly chirped beam transported without sextupole corrections, the resulting high gain lasing, and computational analysis are briefly reported.
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title: Status Report on SPARC Project
format: conference proceeding
conference: FEL 2004 26th
year: 2004
96 authors: A. Renieri | M. Carpanese | F. Ciocci | G. Dattoli | A. Di Pace | A. Doria | F. Flora | G. P. Gallerano | L. Giannessi | E. Giovenale | G. Messina | L. Mezi | P. L. Ottaviani | S. Pagnutti | G. Parisi | L. Picardi | M. Quattromini | G. Ronci | C. Ronsivalle | E. Sabia | M. Sassi | A. Zucchini | D. Alesini | M. Bellaveglia | S. Bertolucci | M.E. Biagini | C. Biscari | R. Boni | M. Boscolo | M. Castellano | A. Clozza | G. Di Pirro | A. Drago | A. Esposito | M. Ferrario | D. Filippetto | V. Fusco | A. Gallo | A. Ghigo | S. Guiducci | M. Incurvati | C. Ligi | F. Marcellini | M. Migliorati | C. Milardi | L. Palumbo | L. Pellegrino | M. Preger | P. Raimondi | R. Ricci | C. Sanelli | M. Serio | F. Sgamma | B. Spataro | A. Stecchi | A. Stella | F. Tazzioli | C. Vaccarezza | M. Vescovi | C. Vicario | M. Zobov | F. Alessandria | A. Bacci | I. Boscolo | F. Broggi | S. Cialdi | C. De Martinis | D. Giove | C. Maroli | V. Petrillo | M. Romè | L. Serafini | D. Levi | M. Mattioli | G. Medici | P. Musumeci | L. Catani | E. Chiadroni | S. Tazzari | C.J. Bocchetta | M. Danailov | G. D'Auria | M. Ferianis | A. Cianchi | A. D'Angelo | R. Di Salvo | A. Fantini | D. Moricciani | C. Schaerf | S. Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | D.H. Dowell | P. Emma | C. Limborg | D. Palmer
abstract: We review the status of FEL source activity of the ongoing SPARC FEL experiment, developed within the framework of a collaboration among ENEA, CNR, INFN, INFM, Sincrotrone Trieste and University of Rome Tor Vergata. The project is aimed at realising a SASE-FEL source, operating in the visible (around 500 nm), with an extended range of tunability down to the VUV (100 nm) by the use of the mechanism of non-linear harmonic generation. The development of the relevant activities foresees the realisation of an advanced 150 MeV photo- injector source, aimed at producing a high brightness electron beams, needed to drive a SASE-FEL experiment, and a 14 m long undulator. We present the status of the design and construction of SPARC FEL device. In particular we discuss the choice of the project parameters, their optimisation and the sensitivity of the SPARC performance to any parameter variation. We will show, using start-to-end simulations, what is the impact of the e- beam and of the undulator parameters on the characteristics of the output laser field and in particular on the amount of the non-linearly generated power at higher harmonics.
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title: The SPARX project: R & D Activity towards X-Ray Sources
format: journal article
publisher:
year: 2004
80 authors: D.Alesini | S.Bertolucci | M. Bellaveglia | M.E.Biagini | R.Boni | M.Boscolo | M.Castellano | A.Clozza | G.Di Pirro | A.Drago | A.Esposito | M.Ferrario | D. Filippetto | V.Fusco | A.Gallo | A.Ghigo | S.Guiducci | M.Incurvati | C.Ligi | F.Marcellini | M.Migliorati | A.Mostacci | L.Palumbo | L.Pellegrino | M.Preger | P. Raimondi | R.Ricci | C.Sanelli | M.Serio | F.Sgamma | B.Spataro | A.Stecchi | A.Stella | F.Tazzioli | C.Vaccarezza | M.Vescovi | C.Vicario | F.Alessandria | A.Bacci | I.Boscolo | F.Broggi | S.Cialdi | C.De Martinis | D.Giove | C.Maroli | M. Mauri | V.Petrillo | M. Romè | L.Serafini | M.Mattioli | P. Musumeci | L.Catani | E.Chiadroni | A. Cianchi | C. Schaerf | F.Ciocci | G.Dattoli | A. Di Pace | A.Doria | F.Flora | G.P.Gallerano | L.Giannessi | E.Giovenale | G.Messina | L.Mezi | P.L.Ottaviani | S. Pagnutti | G. Parisi | L.Picardi | M.Quattromini | A.Renieri | C.Ronsivalle | A. Torre | A. Zucchini | S. De Silvestri | M. Nisoli | S. Stagira | J.B. Rosenzweig | S. Reiche | P.Emma
abstract: SPARX is an evolutionary project proposed by a collaboration among ENEA-INFN-CNR-Universita` di Roma Tor Vergata aiming at the construction of a FEL- SASE X-ray source in the Tor Vergata Campus. The first phase of the SPARX project, funded by Government Agencies, will be focused on R&D activity on critical components and techniques for future X-ray facilities as described in this paper.
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title: VISA IB: Ultra-High Bandwidth, High Gain SASE FEL
format: conference proceeding
conference: FEL 2004 26th
year: 2004
15 authors: G. Andonian | A. Murokh | R. Agustsson | C. Pellegrini | S. Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | M. Babzien | I. Ben-Zvi | J. Y. Huang | V. Litvinenko | V. Yakimenko | M. Ferrario | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario
abstract: We report the results of a high energy spread SASE FEL experiment, the intermediary experiment linking the VISA I and VISA II projects. A highly chirped beam (1.7 %) was transported, without corrections of longitudinal aberrations in the ATF dogleg, and injected into the VISA undulator. The ouput radiation displayed an uncharacteristicly large bandwidth (12 %) with extremely stable lasing and mea- sured energy of about 2 ?J . Start-to-end simulations re- produced key features of the experiment and provided an insight into the michanisms giving rise to such a high band- width. These analyses have important implications on the VISA II experiment.
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title: The SPARC Project: A High Brightness Electron Beam Source at LNF to Drive a SASE-FEL Experiment
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2003
year: 2003
75 authors: D. Alesini | S. Bertolucci | M. Biagini | C. Biscari | R. Boni | M. Boscolo | M. Castellano | A. Clozza | G. Di Pirro | A. Drago | A. Esposito | M. Ferrario | V. Fusco | A. Gallo | A. Ghigo | S. Guiducci | M. Incurvati | C. Ligi | F. Marcellini | M. Migliorati | C. Milardi | L. Palumbo | L. Pellegrino | M. Preger | P. Raimondi | R. Ricci | C. Sanelli | M. Serio | F. Sgamma | B. Spataro | A. Stecchi | A. Stella | F. Tazzioli | C. Vaccarezza | M. Vescovi | C. Vicario | M. Zobov | F. Alessandria | A. Bacci | I. Boscolo | F. Broggi | S. Cialdi | C. DeMartinis | D. Giove | C. Maroli | V. Petrillo | M. Rome | L. Serafini | D. Levi | M. Mattioli | L. Catani | E. Chiadroni | S. Tazzari | R. Bartolini | F. Ciocci | G. Dattoli | A. Doria | F. Flora | G. P. Gallerano | L. Giannessi | E. Giovenale | G. Messina | L. Mezi | P. L. Ottaviani | L. Picardi | M. Quattromini | A. Renieri | C. Ronsivalle | A. Cianchi | A. D'Angelo | R. Di Salvo | A. Fantini | D. Moricciani | C. Schaerf | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: The Project SPARC (Sorgente Pulsata e Amplificata di Radiazione Coerente), proposed by a collaboration among ENEA-INFN-CNR-Universita' di Roma "Tor Vergata" -INFM-ST, was recently approved by the Italian Government and will be built at LNF of INFN. The aim of the project is to promote an R&D activity oriented to the development of a coherent ultra-brilliant X-ray source in Italy. This collaboration has identified a program founded on two main issues: the generation of ultra-high peak brightness electron beams and of resonant higher harmonics in the SASE-FEL process.
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title: Design and Status of the VISA II Experiment
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2003
year: 2003
12 authors: G.Andonian | R.Agustsson | A. Murokh | C.Pellegrini | Sven Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Travish | M. BABZIEN | I. Ben-Zvi | V. Yakimenko | L. Palumbo | C. VICARIO
abstract: VISA II is the follow-up project to the successful Visible to Infrared SASE Amplifier (VISA) experiment at the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) in Brookhaven National Lab (BNL). This paper will report the motivation for and status of the two main experiments associated with the VISA II program. One goal of VISA II is to perform an experimental study of the physics of a chirped beam SASE FEL at the upgraded facilities of the ATF. This requires a linearization of the transport line to preserve energy chirping of the electron beam at injection. The other planned project is a strong bunch compression experiment, where the electron bunch is compressed in the chicane, and the dispersive beamline transport, allowing studies of deep saturation.
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