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C. P. J. Barty

First Name: C.

Middle Name: PJ

Last Name: Barty

Full Name: C. P. J. Barty

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6 papers
title: Commissioning of a High-Brightness Photoinjector for Compton Scattering X-Ray Sources
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
13 authors: S. G. Anderson | C. P. J. Barty | D. J. Gibson | F. V. Hartemann | M. Messerly | M. Shverdin | C. W. Siders | A. M. Tremaine | H. Badakov | P. Frigola | A. Fukasawa | B. O'Shea | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: Compton scattering of intense laser pulses with ultra- relativistic electron beams has proven to be an attractive source of high-brightness x-rays with keV to MeV ener- gies. This type of x-ray source requires the electron beam brightness to be comparable with that used in x-ray free- electron lasers and laser and plasma based advanced accel- erators. We describe the development and commissioning of a 1.6 cell RF photoinjector for use in Compton scatter- ing experiments at LLNL. Injector development issues such as RF cavity design, beam dynamics simulations, emit- tance diagnostic development, results of sputtered magne- sium photo-cathode experiments, and UV laser pulse shap- ing are discussed. Initial operation of the photoinjector is described.
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title: Nuclear Photo-Science And Applications with Thomson-Radiated Extreme X-Ray (T-Rex) Sources
format: conference proceeding
conference: Linear Accelerator Conference 2006
year: 2006
15 authors: F.V. Hartemann | S.G. Anderson | S.M. Betts | D.J. Gibson | E.P. Hartouni | I. Jovanovic | A.K. Kerman | M. Messerly | D.P. McNabb | J. Pruet | J.B. Rosenzweig | M.Y. Shverdin | C.W. Siders | A.M. Tremaine | C.P.J. Barty
abstract: Recent advances in high brightness rf gun technology, coupled with novel laser systems and architecture have enabled the development of a new class of compact, tunable, monochromatic light sources capable of producing MeV photons with unprecedented brightness. Such new sources rely on Thomson scattering of incident photons produced by a TW-class laser off a bright relativistic electron beam to generate Doppler-upshifted photons in a highly collimated beam. Scaling laws [1] show that a frequency-doubled, 532 nm wavelength, 1 J, 10 ps Fourier transform-limited drive laser pulse interacting with a 250 MeV, 1 nC, 10 ps, 1 mm.mrad normalized emittance, with 0.1% relative energy spread, can yield a 2.24 MeV ?-ray flash with a peak brightness exceeding 1023 photons/[mm2 x mrad2 x s x 0.1% bandwidth]. This number is > 15 orders of magnitude beyond the output of a third-generation synchrotron at the same photon energy. Above ~ 100 keV, the photons can interact with nuclei, and nuclear applications become viable. In this paper, we present a technical overview of T- REX sources and their capabilities, and give a few examples of potential applications of interest.
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title: Experimental characterization of an ultrafast Thomson scattering x-ray source with three-dimensional time and frequency-domain analysis
format: journal article
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year: 2004
18 authors: W. J. Brown | S. G. Anderson | C. P. J. Barty | S. M. Betts | R. Booth | J. K. Crane | R. R. Cross | D. N. Fittinghoff | D. J. Gibson | F. V. Hartemann | E. P. Hartouni | J. Kuba | G.P. Le Sage | D. R. Slaughter | A. M. Tremaine | A. J. Wootton | P. T. Springer | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: We present a detailed comparison of the measured characteristics of Thomson backscattered xrays produced at the Picosecond Laser-Electron Interaction for the Dynamic Evaluation of Structures facility at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to predicted results from a newly developed, fully three-dimensional time and frequency-domain code. Based on the relativistic differential cross section, this code has the capability to calculate time and space dependent spectra of the x-ray photons produced from linear Thomson scattering for both bandwidth-limited and chirped incident laser pulses. Spectral broadening of the scattered x-ray pulse resulting from the incident laser bandwidth, perpendicular wave vector components in the laser focus, and the transverse and longitudinal phase spaces of the electron beam are included. Electron beam energy, energy spread, and transverse phase space measurements of the electron beam at the interaction point are presented, and the corresponding predicted x-ray characteristics are determined. In addition, time-integrated measurements of the xrays produced from the interaction are presented and shown to agree well with the simulations.
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title: Generation of High Brightness X-Rays with the PLEIADES Thomson X-Ray Source
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2003
year: 2003
14 authors: W. J. Brown | S. Anderson | C. P. J. Barty | J. K. Crane | R. R. Cross | D. N. Fittinghoff | F. V. Hartemann | J. Kuba | G.P. Le Sage | D. R. Slaughter | P. T. Springer | A. Tremaine | J.B. Rosenzweig | D. J. Gibson
abstract: The use of short laser pulses to generate high peak intensity, ultra-short x-ray pulses enables exciting new experimental capabilities, such as femtosecond pump-probe experiments used to temporally resolve material structural dynamics on atomic time scales. PLEIADES (Picosecond Laser Electron InterAction for the Dynamic Evaluation of Structures) is a next generation Thomson scattering x-ray source being developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Ultra-fast picosecond x-rays (10-200 keV) are generated by colliding an energetic electron beam (20-100 MeV) with a high intensity, sub-ps, 800 nm laser pulse. The peak brightness of the source is expected to exceed 1020 photons/s/0.1 bandwidth/mm2/mrad2. Simulations of the electron beam production, transport, and final focus are presented. Electron beam measurements, including emittance and final focus spot size are also presented and compared to simulation results. Measurements of x-ray production are also reported and compared to theoretical calculations.
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title: Ultrafast materials probing with the LLNL Thomson X-ray source
format: conference proceeding
conference: Linear Accelerator Conference 2002
year: 2002
24 authors: A. Tremaine | S. Anderson | W. Brown | C. Barty | R. Cauble | J. Crane | H. Cynn | C. Ebbers | D. Fittinghoff | D. Gibson | F. Hartemann | I. Jovanovich | J. Kuba | G.P. Le Sage | A. McMahan | R. Minich | J. Moriarty | B. Remington | D. Slaughter | P. Springer | F. H. Steitz | C. S. Yoo | J.B. Rosenzweig | T. Ditmire
abstract: The use of short laser pulses to generate very high brightness, ultra short (fs to ps) x-ray pulses is a topic of great interest. In principle, femtosecond-scale pump-probe experiments can be used to temporally resolve structural dynamics of materials on the time scale of atomic motion. The development of sub?ps x-ray pulses will make possible a wide range of materials and plasma physics studies with unprecedented time resolution. PLEIADES (Picosecond Laser Electron Interaction for Dynamic Evaluation of Structures), the Thomson scattering project at LLNL, will provide such a novel x-ray source of high power using short laser pulses and a high brightness, relativistic electron bunch. The system is based on a 5 mm-mrad normalized emittance photoinjector, 100 MeV electron RF linac, and a 300 mJ, 35 fs solid-state laser system. PLEIADES will produce ultra fast pulses with x-ray energies (60 keV) capable of probing into high-Z metals.
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title: Electron Beam Production and Characterization for the PLEIADES Thomson X-Ray Source
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2002 10th
year: 2002
13 authors: W. J. Brown | F. V. Hartemann | A. Tremaine | P. T. Springer | G.P. Le Sage | C. P. J. Barty | J.B. Rosenzweig | J. K. Crane | R. R. Cross | D. N. Fittinghoff | D. J. Gibson | D. R. Slaughter | S. Anderson
abstract: We report on the performance of an S-band RF photocathode electron gun and accelerator for operation with the PLEIADES Thomson x-ray source at LLNL. Simulations of beam production, transport, and focus are presented. It is shown that a 1 ps, 500 pC electron bunch with a normalized emittance of less than 5 Tcmm-mrad can be delivered to the interaction point. Initial electron measurements are presented. Calculations of expected x-ray flux are also performed, demonstrating an expected peak spectral brightness of 1020 photons/s/mm2/mrad2/0.1% bandwidth. Effects of RF phase jitter are also presented, and planned phase measurements and control methods are discussed.
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