Section Navigation

Browse



logged in as: pbpl
logout
list users
E. Hemsing

First Name: Erik

Middle Name:

Last Name: Hemsing

Full Name: E. Hemsing

24-tag-hot tags:
pbpl  


view citation format

30 papers
title: Single-Shot Coherent Diffraction Imaging of Microbunched Relativistic Electron Beams for Free-Electron Laser Applications
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: March 2013
10 authors: A. Marinelli | M. Dunning | S. Weathersby | E. Hemsing | D. Xiang | G. Andonian | F.H. O'Shea | Jianwei Miao | C. Hast | J. B. Rosenzweig
abstract: With the advent of coherent x rays provided by the x-ray free-electron laser (FEL), strong interest has been kindled in sophisticated diffraction imaging techniques. In this Letter, we exploit such techniques for the diagnosis of the density distribution of the intense electron beams typically utilized in an x-ray FEL itself. We have implemented this method by analyzing the far-field coherent transition radiation emitted by an inverse-FEL microbunched electron beam. This analysis utilizes an oversampling phase retrieval method on the transition radiation angular spectrum to reconstruct the transverse spatial distribution of the electron beam. This application of diffraction imaging represents a significant advance in electron beam physics, having critical applications to the diagnosis of high-brightness beams, as well as the collective microbunching instabilities afflicting these systems.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Using the Relativistic Two-Stream Instability for the Generation of Soft-X-Ray Attosecond Radiation Pulses
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: February 2013
3 authors: A. Marinelli | E. Hemsing | J. B. Rosenzweig
abstract: In this Letter we discuss a novel method for generating ultrashort radiation pulses using a broadband two-stream instability in an intense relativistic electron beam. This method relies on an electron beam having two distinct two-energy bands. The use of this new high brightness electron beam scenario, in combination with ultrashort soft x-ray pulses from high harmonic generation in gas, allows the production of high power attosecond pulses for ultrafast pump and probe experiments.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Generation of Coherent Broadband Photon Pulses with a Cascaded Longitudinal Space-Charge Amplifier
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: 2013
9 authors: A. Marinelli | E. Hemsing | M. Dunning | D. Xiang | S. Weathersby | F. O'Shea | I. Gadjev | C. Hast | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: The longitudinal space-charge amplifier has been recently proposed by Schneidmiller and Yurkov as an alternative to the free-electron laser instability for the generation of intense broadband radiation pulses [Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 13, 110701 (2010)]. In this Letter, we report on the experimental demonstration of a cascaded longitudinal space-charge amplifier at optical wavelengths. Although seeded by electron beam shot noise, the strong compression of the electron beam along the three amplification stages leads to emission of coherent undulator radiation pulses exhibiting a single spectral spike and a single transverse mode. The on-axis gain is estimated to exceed 4 orders of magnitude with respect to spontaneous emission.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Coherent optical vortices from relativistic electron beams
format: journal article
publisher: Nature Physics
year: 2013
7 authors: E. Hemsing | A. Knyazik | M. Dunning | D. Xiang | A. Marinelli | C. Hast | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: Recent advances in the production and control of high-brightness electron beams (e-beams) have enabled a new class of intense light sources based on the free electron laser (FEL) that can examine matter at ångstrom length and femtosecond time scales. The free, or unbound, electrons act as the lasing medium, which provides unique opportunities to exquisitely control the spatial and temporal structure of the emitted light through precision manipulation of the electron distribution. We present an experimental demonstration of light with orbital angular momentum (OAM; ref.) generated from a relativistic e-beam rearranged into an optical scale helix by a laser. With this technique, we show that a Gaussian laser mode can be effectively up-converted to an OAM mode in an FEL using only the e-beam as a mode-converter. Results confirm theoretical predictions and pave the way for the production of coherent OAM light with unprecedented brightness down to hard X-ray wavelengths for wide ranging applications in modern light sources.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Three dimensional analysis of longitudinal plasma oscillations in a thermal relativistic electron beam: Application to an initial value problem
format: journal article
publisher: Physics of Plasmas
year: 2012
3 authors: A. Marinelli | E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: In this paper, we study the initial value problem of longitudinal plasma oscillations in a relativistic electron beam. Our analysis is based on the formalism developed in Marinelli et al. [Phys. Plasmas 18, 103105 (2011)]. We study the evolution of an arbitrary six-dimensional phase-space perturbation under the effect of longitudinal space-charge forces, with the inclusion of three-dimensional effects due to the finite size of the beam, transverse betatron motion, and longitudinal thermal motion induced by both energy-spread and transverse emittance. We expand the phase-space perturbation in a series of eigenmodes of a Schrödinger-like equation, corresponding to a set of propagating space-charge waves. We develop a general formalism, which we use to find explicit expressions for the evolution of an initial perturbation coupled to the fundamental plasma eigenmode. This work has important applications in the theory of space-charge instabilities in high brightness electron beams and control of shot-noise in seeded free-electron lasers. We discuss the application of the present theory to a specific experimental scenario corresponding to a shot-noise suppression scheme at optical wavelengths.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Experimental observation of helical microbunching of a relativistic electron beam
format: journal article
publisher: Applied Physics Letters
year: 2012
8 authors: E. Hemsing | A. Knyazik | F. O'Shea | A. Marinelli | P. Musumeci | O. Williams | S. Tochitsky | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: Experimental observation of the microbunching of a relativistic electron beam at the second harmonic interaction frequency of a helical undulator is presented. The microbunching signal is observed from the coherent transition radiation of the electron beam and indicates experimental evidence of a dominantly helical electron beam density distribution. This result is in agreement with theoretical and numerical predictions and provides a proof-of-principle demonstration of proposed schemes designed to generate light with orbital angular momentum in high-gain free-electron lasers.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Echo-Enabled X-Ray Vortex Generation
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: 2012
2 authors: E. Hemsing | A. Marinelli
abstract: A technique to generate high-brightness electromagnetic vortices with tunable topological charge at extreme ultraviolet and x-ray wavelengths is described. Based on a modified version of echo-enabled harmonic generation for free-electron lasers, the technique uses two lasers and two chicanes to produce high-harmonic microbunching of a relativistic electron beam with a corkscrew distribution that matches the instantaneous helical phase structure of the x-ray vortex. The strongly correlated electron distribution emerges from an efficient three-dimensional recoherence effect in the echo-enabled harmonic generation transport line and can emit fully coherent vortices in a downstream radiator for access to new research in x-ray science.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Longitudinal profile diagnostic scheme with subfemtosecond resolution for high-brightness electron beams
format: journal article
publisher: PRSTAB
year: 7/13/2011
7 authors: G. Andonian | E. Hemsing | D. Xiang | P. Musumeci | A. Murokh | S. Tochitsky | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: High-resolution measurement of the longitudinal profile of a relativistic electron beam is of utmost importance for linac based free-electron lasers and other advanced accelerator facilities that employ ultrashort bunches. In this paper, we investigate a novel scheme to measure ultrashort bunches (subpico- second) with exceptional temporal resolution (hundreds of attoseconds) and dynamic range. The scheme employs two orthogonally oriented deflecting sections. The first imparts a short-wavelength (fast temporal resolution) horizontal angular modulation on the beam, while the second imparts a long-wavelength (slow) angular kick in the vertical dimension. Both modulations are observable on a standard downstream screen in the form of a streaked sinusoidal beam structure. We demonstrate, using scaled variables in a quasi-1D approximation, an expression for the temporal resolution of the scheme and apply it to a proof- of-concept experiment at the UCLA Neptune high-brightness injector facility. The scheme is also investigated for application at the SLAC NLCTA facility, where we show that the subfemtosecond resolution is sufficient to resolve the temporal structure of the beam used in the echo-enabled free-electron laser. We employ beam simulations to verify the effect for typical Neptune and NLCTA parameter sets and demonstrate the feasibility of the concept.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides
format: journal article
publisher:
year: 2011
12 authors: G. Andonian | O. Williams | X. Wei | P. Niknejadi | E. Hemsing | J. B. Rosenzweig | P. Muggli | M. Babzien | M. Fedurin | K. Kusche | R. Malone | V. Yakimenko
abstract: We report the observation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in the terahertz regime emitted by a relativistic electron pulse train passing through a dielectric lined cylindrical waveguide. We describe the beam manipulations and measurements involved in repetitive pulse train creation including comb collimation and nonlinear optics corrections. With this technique, modes beyond the fundamental are selectively excited by use of the appropriate frequency train. The spectral characterization of the structure shows preferential excitation of the fundamental and of a higher longitudinal mode.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Generation and Amplification of Coherent Radiation with Optical Orbital Angular Momentum in a Free-Electron Laser
format: thesis
year: 2011
1 author: Erik Hemsing
abstract: The object of this work is to examine how coherent light that carries orbital angular momentum (OAM) can be generated and amplified in a single pass, high-gain free-electron laser (FEL) at the fundamental operating frequency. This concept unites two rapidly expanding, but at present largely non-overlapping fields of study: high-order OAM light modes, which interact in new ways with matter, and FELs, in which a relativistically energetic electron beam emits coherent, ultra high-brightness, highly frequency-tunable light. The ability to generate OAM light in an FEL enables new regimes of laser interaction physics to be explored at wavelengths down to hard x-rays.
keywords: Thesis  
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Harmonic radiation of a relativistic nonlinear inverse Compton scattering using two laser wavelengths
format: journal article
publisher:
year: 2011
9 authors: Y. Sakai | O. Williams | G. Andonian | A. Fukasawa | E. Hemsing | A. Marinelli | S. Barber | F.H. O'Shea | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: The use of two different wavelength lasers in the nonlinear regime of the inverse Compton scattering interaction is proposed in order to provide a new strategy for controlling scattered photon energy distributions in the x-ray to γ-ray spectral region. In this nonlinear interaction, the component of the relativistic electron’s trajectory driven by a longer-wavelength laser with the normalized vector potential aL∼1 is a large oscillatory figure-8; in the proposed scenario a rapid small-amplitude oscillation induced by a shorter-wavelength laser is superimposed upon this figure-8. Thus, the electron’s momentum is mainly supplied from longer-wavelength laser, while the high-frequency part of the acceleration is given by shorter-wavelength laser. In this way, the harmonics radiated at high frequency from the oscillating electron can be strongly modified by the nonlinear motion initiated by the low frequency, large aL laser resulting in the generation of the harmonics with the photon energy of 4γ2h̵(ωL,short+nωL,long). In this paper, the electron’s kinetics in the two-wavelength laser field and the concomitant emitted radiation spectrum are examined, with numerical illustrations based on a classical Lienard-Wiechert potential formalism provided.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Undulator Radiation Simulation by QUINDI
format: conference proceeding
conference: IPAC 2011
year: 2011
3 authors: D. Schiller | E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: QUINDI, a code developed to simulate coherent emission from bending systems, has been upgraded to include undulators as a beamline element. This approach allows us to better model the radiation produced by a relativistic electron bunch propagating through such a device. Additionally, many new features have been added to the QUINDI post-processor, SpecGUI, which allow the user more sophisticated ways to manipulate and analyze the output from QUINDI.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Gain length fitting formula for free-electron lasers with strong space-charge effects
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Accelerators and Beams
year: 2011
3 authors: G. Marcus | E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: We present a power-fit formula, obtained from a variational analysis using three-dimensional free-electron laser theory, for the gain length of a high-gain free-electron laser’s fundamental mode in the presence of diffraction, uncorrelated energy spread, and longitudinal space-charge effects. The approach is inspired by the work of Xie [Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 445, 59 (2000)], and provides a useful shortcut for calculating the gain length of the fundamental Gaussian mode of a free-electron laser having strong space-charge effects in the 3D regime. The results derived from analytic theory are in good agreement with detailed numerical particle simulations that also include higher-order space-charge effects, supporting the assumptions made in the theoretical treatment and the variational solutions obtained in the single-mode limit.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Three dimensional analysis of longitudinal plasma oscillations in a thermal relativistic electron beam
format: journal article
publisher: Physics of Plasmas
year: 2011
3 authors: A. Marinelli | E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: In this paper, we develop a three-dimensional kinetic theory of longitudinal plasma oscillations in a relativistic electron beam. Our analysis includes the effects of betatronmotion, finite emittance, and energy spread as well as edge effects due to the finite size of the beam. The consequences of these effects are shown to be of significant interest, as they give rise to several distinct new phenomena. These include an emittance induced anisotropy between backward and forward propagating plasma waves as well as a beatwave effect between plasma and betatronoscillations caused by the coupling of betatronmotion to the transverse structure of the charge perturbation. The experimental implications of these new results and their relevance to the beam and radiation physics of advanced light sources, such as free-electron lasers, are also discussed.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: 15 June 2012
13 authors: G. Andonian | D. Stratakis | M. Babzien | S. Barber | M. Fedurin | E. Hemsing | K. Kusche | P. Muggli | B. O'Shea | X. Wei | O. Williams | V. Yakimenko | and J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: We report first evidence of wakefield acceleration of a relativistic electron beam in a dielectric-lined slab-symmetric structure. The high energy tail of a ?60??MeV electron beam was accelerated by ?150??keV in a 2 cm-long, slab-symmetric SiO2 waveguide, with the acceleration or deceleration clearly visible due to the use of a beam with a bifurcated longitudinal distribution that serves to approximate a driver-witness beam pair. This split-bunch distribution is verified by longitudinal reconstruction analysis of the emitted coherent transition radiation. The dielectric waveguide structure is further characterized by spectral analysis of the emitted coherent Cherenkov radiation at THz frequencies, from a single electron bunch, and from a relativistic bunch train with spacing selectively tuned to the second longitudinal mode (TM02). Start-to-end simulation results reproduce aspects of the electron beam bifurcation dynamics, emitted THz radiation properties, and the observation of acceleration in the dielectric-lined, slab-symmetric waveguide.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Generating Optical Orbital Angular Momentum in a High-Gain Free-Electron Laser at the First Harmonic
format: journal article
publisher: Physical Review Letters
year: 22 April 2011
3 authors: E. Hemsing | A. Marinelli | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: A scheme to generate intense coherent light that carries orbital angular momentum (OAM) at the fundamental wavelength of an x-ray free-electron laser (FEL) is described. The OAM light is emitted as the dominant mode of the system until saturation provided that the helical microbunching imposed on the electron beam is larger than the shot-noise bunching that leads to self-amplified emission. Operating at the fundamental, this scheme is more efficient than alternate schemes that rely on harmonic emission, and can be applied to x-ray FELs without using external optical mode conversion elements.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Breaking the Attosecond, Angstrom and TV/m Field Barriers with Ultrafast Electron Beams
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2010 14th
year: 2010
17 authors: J.B. Rosenzweig | G. Andonian | P. Bucksbaum | A. Fukasawa | M. Ferrario | M. Hogan | E. Hemsing | P. Krejcik | G. Marcus | A. Marinelli | P. Muggli | P. Musumeci | B. O'Shea | F. O'Shea | C. Pellegrini | D. Schiller | G. Travish
abstract: Recent initiatives at UCLA concerning ultra-short, GeV electron beam generation have been aimed at achieving sub-fs pulses capable of driving X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) in single-spike mode. This scheme uses very low charge beams, which may allow existing FEL injectors to produce few-100 attosecond pulses, with very high brightness. Towards this end, recent experiments at the Stanford X-ray FEL (LCLS, first of its kind, built with essential UCLA leadership) have produced ~2 fs, 20 pC electron pulses. We discuss here extensions of this work, in which we seek to exploit the beam brightness in FELs, in tandem with new developments at UCLA in cryogenic undulator technology, to create compact accelerator/undulator systems that can lase below 0.15 Å, or be used to permit 1.5 Å operation at 4.5 GeV. In addition, we are now developing experiments which use the present LCLS fs pulses to excite plasma wakefields exceeding 1 TV/m, permitting a table-top TeV accelerator for frontier high energy physics applications. We discuss the experimental issues associated with this initiative.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Helical Electron-Beam Microbunching by Harmonic Coupling in a Helical Undulator
format: journal article
publisher: PRL
year: April 29, 2009
7 authors: E. Hemsing | P. Musumeci | S. Reiche | R. Tikhoplav | Agostino Marinelli | J.B. Rosenzweig | A. Gover
abstract: Microbunching of a relativistic electron beam into a helix is examined analytically and in simulation. Helical microbunching is shown to occur naturally when an e beam interacts resonantly at the harmonics of the combined field of a helical magnetic undulator and an axisymmetric input laser beam. This type of interaction is proposed as a method to generate a strongly prebunched e beam for coherent emission of light with orbital angular momentum at virtually any wavelength. The results from the linear microbunching theory show excellent agreement with three-dimensional numerical simulations.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Observation of coherent terahertz edge radiation from compressed electron beams
format: journal article
publisher: PRSTAB
year: 3 March 2009
9 authors: G. Andonian | A.M. Cook | M. Dunning | E. Hemsing | Gabriel Marcus | A. Murokh | S. Reiche | D. Schiller | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: Coherent radiation emitted from a compressed electron bunch as it traverses the sharp edge regions of a magnetic chicane has been investigated at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Accelerator Test Facility. Electron beam measurements using coherent transition radiation interferometry indicate a 100 fs rms bunch accompanied by distinct distortions in energy spectrum due to strong self-fields. These self-fields are manifested in emitted high power THz radiation, which displays signatures of the phenomenon known as coherent edge radiation. Radiation characterization studies undertaken include spectral analysis, far-field intensity distribution, polarization, and dependence on the electron bunch length. The observed aspects of the beam and radiation allow detailed comparisons with start-to-end simulations.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Coherent transition radiation from a helically microbunched electron beam
format: journal article
publisher:
year: 1 May 2009
2 authors: E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: The coherent transition radiation emitted from an electron beam with higher-order spatial microbunching is analyzed. The characteristic angular and phase dependence can be used to identify the dominant bunching structure of such beams, which can be generated during the harmonic interaction in optical klystron modulators and free-electron lasers, and used as tunable sources of coherent light with orbital angular momentum.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Longitudinal dispersion of orbital angular momentum modes in high-gain free-electron lasers
format: journal article
publisher: APS
year: July 30, 2008
4 authors: E. Hemsing | Agostino Marinelli | Sven Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: The physical effects of optical mode dispersion in the electron beam of a free-electron laser are investigated for modes that carry orbital angular momentum. The analysis is performed using a derived equivalence between two different formulations that describe the radiation fields in the linear regime.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Virtual dielectric waveguide mode description of a high-gain free-electron laser. I. Theory
format: journal article
publisher: PRA
year: 2008
3 authors: E. Hemsing | A. Gover | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: A set of mode-coupled excitation equations for the slowly growing amplitudes of dielectric waveguide eigenmodes is derived as a description of the electromagnetic signal field of a high-gain free-electron laser FEL, including the effects of longitudinal space charge. This approach of describing the field basis set has notable advantages for FEL analysis in providing an efficient characterization of eigenmodes, and in allowing a clear connection to free-space propagation of the input seeding and output radiation. The formulation describes the entire evolution of the radiation wave through the linear gain regime, prior to the onset of saturation, with arbitrary initial conditions. By virtue of the flexibility in the expansion basis, this technique can be used to find the direct coupling and amplification of a particular mode. A simple transformation converts the derived coupled differential excitation equations into a set of coupled algebraic equations and yields a matrix determinant equation for the FEL eigenmodes. A quadratic index medium is used as a model dielectric waveguide to obtain an expression for the predicted spot size of the dominant system eigenmode, in the approximation that it is a single Gaussian mode.
keywords: pbpl   pra  
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Virtual dielectric waveguide mode description of a high-gain free-electron laser. II. Modeling and numerical simulations
format: journal article
publisher: PRA
year: 2008
3 authors: E. Hemsing | A. Gover | J.B. Rosenzweig
abstract: A high-gain free-electron laser is modeled using an expansion of the radiation field in terms of guided Laguerre-Gaussian modes of a virtual dielectric waveguide E. Hemsing, A. Gover, and J. Rosenzweig, preceding paper, Phys Rev. A 77, 063830 2008 . The radiation profile evolution, power gain, and detuning efficiency characteristics are investigated for seeding with fundamental Gaussian and higher-order Laguerre- Gaussian input modes on a Gaussian e-beam in the collective regime. The full wave evolution solution at different seed radiation injection conditions results in determination of the optimal waist size and waist position of the seed radiation beam for maximum power coupling efficiency. Results for guided mode evolution and power gain are shown to be consistent with simulations performed with the code GENESIS 1.3. The amplification and spontaneous generation of FEL radiation with orbital angular momentum is also considered.
keywords: pbpl   pra  
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Chicane Radiation Measurements with a Compressed Electron Beam at the BNL ATF
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
12 authors: G. Andonian | R. Agustsson | A.M. Cook | M. Dunning | E. Hemsing | A. Murokh | Sven Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig | M. Babzien | K. Kusche | R. Malone | V. Yakimenko
abstract: The radiation emitted from a chicane compressor has been studied at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Accelerator Test Facility (ATF). Coherent edge radiation (CER) is emitted from a compressed electron beam as it traverses sharp edge regions of a magnet. The compression is accompanied by strong self-fields, which are manifested as distortions in the momentum space called beam bifurcation. Recent measurements indicate that the bunch length is approximately 100 fs rms. The emitted THz chicane radiation displays strong signatures of CER. This paper reports on the experimental characterization and subsequent analysis of the chicane radiation measurements at the BNL ATF with a discussion of diagnostics development and implementation. The characterization includes spectral analysis, far-field intensity distribution, and polarization effects. Experimental data is benchmarked to a custom developed start-to-end simulation suite.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Characterization of Orbital Angular Momentum Modes in FEL Radiation
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
5 authors: E. Hemsing | G. Andonian | J.B. Rosenzweig | M. Babzien | V. Yakimenko
abstract: It is well known that Gaussian modes of paraxial light can possess orbital angular momentum (OAM) as a result of a exp( ?il?) azimuthal angular dependence[1]. Recent experiments on the VISA free-electron laser operating as self-amplified spontaneous amplifier (SASE) at ?=840 nm have produced transverse electromagnetic radiation inten- sity patterns that suggest the presence of one or more OAM modes. Though the intensity profiles from VISA are com- pelling, work remains to discern the phase structure since OAM modes are revealed by a characteristic helical phase dependence, with a pathological singularity on axis. Here we discuss current efforts to characterize the mode content of the VISA FEL through experiments, theoretical mod- els, and simulations. Possible methods to generate OAM modes in situ are discussed.
keywords: pbpl  
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: The FINDER Photoinjector
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
6 authors: A. Fukasawa | H. Badakov | B. O'Shea | E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig | S. G. Anderson
abstract: The FINDER photoinjector was developed for the inverse Compton scattering experiment under UCLA- LLNL collaboration. The improvements of this gun from SPARC gun [1, 2] at INFN-LNF (Frascati) and previous UCLA versions of the 1.6 cell S-band photoinjector are detailed here. The gun is designed to have large mode separation to suppress 0 mode excitation which may be a cause of the emittance degradation. In an effort to reduce the RF quadrupole effect the full cell tuners are replaced by vacuum ports. The laser ports are also omitted. Two openings of the solenoid shield are added to top and bottom of it where there were only two openings on the sides. S11 of the cavity was presented. The on-axis electric field was measured by the bead drop method to show the good field balance. The magnetic field in the emittance compensation solenoid was measured and the quadrupole components were derived.
keywords: pbpl  
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Seeded VISA: A 1064 nm Laser-Seeded FEL Amplifier at the BNL ATF
format: conference proceeding
conference: PAC 2007
year: 2007
7 authors: M. Dunning | G. Andonian | E. Hemsing | S. Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig | M. Babzien | V. Yakimenko
abstract: An experimental study of a seeded Free Electron Laser (FEL) using the VISA undulator and a Nd:YAG seed laser will be performed at the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The study is motivated by the demand for a short Rayleigh length FEL amplifier at 1 micron to allow for high power transmission with min- imal damage of transport optics. Planned measurements include transverse and longitudinal coherence, angular dis- tribution, and wavelength spectrum of the FEL radiation. The effects of detuning the electron beam energy will be studied, with an emphasis on control of the radiation emis- sion angles and increase of the amplifier efficiency. Results of start-to-end simulations are also presented.
keywords: pbpl  
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Magnetic Chicane Radiation Studies at the BNL ATF
format: conference proceeding
conference: FEL 2006 28th
year: 2006
11 authors: M.Dunning | G. Andonian | A.M. Cook | E. Hemsing | A.Murokh | Sven Reiche | J.B. Rosenzweig | D. Schiller | M. BABZIEN | K. Kusche | V. Yakimenko
abstract: Radiation emitted by relativistic electrons traversing the magnetic field gradients of a chicane bunch compressor has been studied in an attempt to characterize coherent edge radiation (CER). The studies performed at the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) include frequency spectrum, angular distribution, and polarization measurements. A reconstruction of the longitudinal charge profile from the measured spectrum shows that the bunch has been compressed to approximately 30 ?m FWHM, with a peak current exceeding 1.5 kA. Measurements of radiation from the short pulses are compared to predictions from QUINDI, a new simulation code developed at UCLA to model the radiation.
keywords:
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Beam compression experiments using the UCLA/ATF compressor
format: conference proceeding
conference: AAC 2006 12th
year: 2006
13 authors: D. Schiller | E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig | M.P. Dunning | G. Andonian | A. Murokh | A.M. Cook | Sven Reiche | M. Babzien | K. Kusche | V. Yakimenko | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario
abstract: We review recent experimental results from the BNL ATF using the compressor built by UCLA. The measurements discussed include: first observation of short wavelength coherent edge radiation angular/wavelength spectrum and spectrum, sub-100 fsec pulse-length coherent transition autocorrelation measurements, and longitudinal and transverse phase space distortions. Extension of these measurements, as well as those which can be made possible by a new X-band traveling wave deflector being developed in an industrial collaboration, are examined.
keywords: quindi  
Download | Details | Edit | Delete
title: Observation of Coherent Edge Radiation Emitted by a 100 Femtosecond Compressed Electron Beam
format: conference proceeding
conference: ICFA Workshop on Physics and Applications of High Brightness Electron Beams
year: 2006
14 authors: G. Andonian | M. Dunning | E. Hemsing | J.B. Rosenzweig | A. M. Cook | A. Murokh | S. Reiche | M. Babzien | I. Ben-Zvi | K. Kusche | V. Yakimenko | D. Alesini | L. Palumbo | C. Vicario
abstract: A chicane compressor developed by UCLA for the production of ultra-short, 60 MeV electron beams at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Accelerator Test Facility has been commissioned, and initial beam physics experiments have been performed. These measurements have established the compression of electron beams to the 100 femtosecond (1 kA peak current) regime, via coherent transition radiation (CTR) based measurements. Investigations of coherent edge radiation (CER) include signatures that differentiate it from coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR), such as polarization and far-field angular distribution. Additionally, the radiation wavelength spectrum is determined from autocorrelation measurements. Radiation properties are compared to detailed start-to-end simulations derived from PARMELA and QUINDI (a Lienard-Wiechert code developed at UCLA). Plans for future experiments which further explore the observed wavelength spectra are presented.
keywords: pbpl  
Download | Details | Edit | Delete