We describe the design of a planar undulator with unusually strong tapering, for the inverse FEL experiment (on the IFEL experiment at the UCLA Neptune Lab. Presented at the 2001 Particle Accelerator Conference, June 18-22, 2001, Chicago, Illinois) to be carried out in Neptune Lab. (Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 410 (1998) 437) at UCLA. A powerful TW CO_2 laser will be used to accelerate electrons up to 50-60 MeV in 50 cm long undulator. A strong undulator tapering is needed because of the short Rayleigh length of the laser beam. Both the magnetic field and the undulator period are tapered to provide synchronicity of the laser beam interaction with a captured electron bunch along the whole undulator length. The most critical part of the undulator is the region near the laser focus. The main characteristics of the IFEL, such as the percentage of trapped electrons, energy of accelerated electrons and sensitivity to the laser focus transverse position, are given. The general principles of the design of this undulator construction can also be useful for high efficiency FEL amplifiers of intense laser modes.
Berliner Elektronenspeicherring-Gesellschaft fur Synchrotronstrahlung (BESSY) plans to construct a linac-based single-pass FEL as an addition to its existing third generation storage-ring-based light-source. The project aims to obtain an FEL-based user-facility that covers the VUV and soft X-ray spectral range (20 eV less than or equal to homega less than or equal to 1 keV). At present, the design stage is funded as a collaboration between BESSY, DESY, the Hahn-Meitner-Institute in Berlin, and the Max-Born-Institute in Berlin. This stage focuses on optimization of the FEL as a user light-source, both with respect to its capabilities and in its performance. Important issues are: stability, seeding options of the SASE FEL, wavelength-tunability, synchronization with external laser sources and, on a longer time-scale, the generation of ultra-short (< 20 fs RMS) optical pulses.
Since its release in 1999 the 3D time-dependent code GENESIS 1.3 has become a helpful tool for the design-studies and analysis of a single-pass Free-Eelectron Lasers experiments. With the latest version new features have been added such as support for wake-fields and incoherent spontaneous radiation. In addition the more modular structure of the open-source code and the improved support of external imput files allow a better understanding of the code, supporting users who want to add new features to the code.
The design of the Linac Coherent Light Source assumes that a low-emittance, 1 nC, 10 ps beam will be available for injection into the 15 GeV linac. The proposed RF photocathode injector that will meet this requirement is based on a 1.6-cell S-band RF gun equipped with an emittance-compensating solenoid. The booster accelerator with a gradient of 25 MV/m is positioned at the beam waist coinciding with the first emittance maximum, i.e., the "new working point." The UV pulses required for cathode excitation will be generated by tripling the output of a Ti:sapphire laser system. Details of the design and the supporting simulations are presented. (12 References).
X-ray FELs, such as the LCLS and TESLA FEL, require electron beams with large peak current and very small emittance. The X-ray peak power, temporal and spectral properties, depend significantly on details of the electron beam phase space distribution. The electron beam distribution is determined by many effects, as the emission process at the gun photo-cathode, bunch compression, acceleration and wakefields within the undulator. Although analytical results can give an estimate of the expected performance, the complexity of the electron beam generation, acceleration and compression can only be evaluated using a numerical simulation of all these processes, a start-to-end simulation. In this presentation we discuss the LCLS X-Ray FEL performance estimated by a start-to-end simulation, and we compare the results with those obtained using a simpler model. (20 References).
A method for generating femtosecond duration X-ray pulses using a single-pass free-electron laser (FEL) is presented. This method uses an energy-chirped electron beam propagating through an undulator to produce a frequency-chirped X-ray pulse through self-amplified spontaneous emission (SASE). After the undulator, we consider passing the radiation through a monochromator. The frequency is correlated to the longitudinal position within the pulse; therefore, by selecting a narrow bandwidth, a short temporal pulse will be transmitted. The short pulse radiation is used to seed a second undulator, where the radiation is amplified to saturation. In addition to short pulse generation, this scheme has the ability to control shot-to-shot fluctuations in the central wavelength due to electron beam energy jitter. We present calculations of the radiation characteristics produced by a chirped-beam two-stage SASE?FEL, and consider the performance of the chirped-beam two-stage option for the Linac Coherent Light Source.
Visible to Infrared SASE Amplifier is a free electron laser (FEL) designed to saturate at a radiation wavelength of 800 nm within a 4 m long, strong focusing undulator. A large gain is achieved by driving the FEL with 72 MeV, high brightness beam of BNL's accelerator test facility. We present measurements that demonstrate saturation in addition to the frequency spectrum of the FEL radiation. Energy, gain length and spectral characteristics are compared and shown to agree with simulation and theoretical predictions. (16 References).